Advantages and disadvantages for homeowners:
Numerous legends and superstitions are associated with this tree. Plants have beneficial and harmful properties on a scientific basis. The name of the tree is fern.
The benefits that a fern can bring to a home:
Effectively absorbs toxins. For example, nephrolis purifies the air of formaldehyde and xylene;
Thanks to acute shortness of breath (movement of water through plants), it gives moisture to the air.
Important! Ferns are capable of absorbing electromagnetic radiation, which in modern apartments, saturated with electromagnetic fields from various devices, is an extremely valuable positive property of plants.
In addition to the benefits, ferns can be harmful to humans:
Staying in the bedroom at night due to carbon dioxide emissions can cause headaches;
Allergy sufferers sometimes experience adverse reactions to tree seeds.
Toxic properties of certain species:
The toxic properties of ferns are exposed when using plants for food or for making medicines. The fact is that the street and wild varieties are used in cooking and medicine, there are a lot of folk recipes that use different parts of ferns.
It’s interesting. During World War I in England, the population replaced the asparagus with a young fan.
Substances located in the rhizome of the thyroid and ostrich have a toxic effect. Toxic is the auricle, the young shoot by which man swallows. Furthermore, a toxic effect on a person can be applied even through milk, if the animal eats the plant.
To avoid poisoning with ferns and preparations made from it, you need to know the rules of its preparation and monitor the dosage of the treated devices properly.
Garden ferns – planting and care in the country:
The mysterious glory of the plant raises doubts as to whether it is safe to keep a fern in the house. According to mystical beliefs, it carries a negative and positive effect on a person.
Particularly mysterious is the legend about a fern flower, which is very difficult to identify because of the flowers of a few moments, but a remarkable smile of fortune for the person who finds it.
The mystical power blames the plant:
Promotes favorable family relationships, especially strengthens vital energy between different generations, combined with state of mind. Depending on the habitat, it can, on the contrary, take energy, contribute to the presence of illness; Protects homeowners from negative impact, damage, etc.
Reduction in pensions for financial waste:
Decision makers may be wary of burning at home, believing that the plant attracts trouble and misfortune. However, in the case of most flowers, camouflage myths are not a barrier to growing a plant in an apartment, enjoying its external appearance.
Planting ferns in a pot:
Edible Bracken Fern – How it looks and where it grows
The roots of the fern grow rapidly, and the pot shrinks, so the plants need an annual transplant. The stalks and leaves are also characterized by intensive growth. At the same time, the soil is rapidly losing nutrients, which is the second reason for frequent replacement.
Important! If the young sprouts acquire a pale color instead of saturated greens, it serves as a signal that the fern should be planted in new soil.
Most ferns live in forests, which is why they prefer moist, humus-rich soils. The best solution is to buy a special primer for ferns. If it is cooked by itself, it is necessary to add thin compost there, which increases the amount of humus. The earth should be light, airy, well absorbed moisture, but its leakage should not be prevented.
To grow ferns, an acid substrate is used, the alkaline environment of the plant is not tolerated. With independent preparation of the soil, the soil of the sheet and turf is mixed with peat, coarse sand and sheet compost. The prepared substrate is placed in a preheated oven for 1-1.5 hours it will act as resistant against insects.
A good pot for a tree is heavy, good ceramic, able to give absorption and moisture. They can press when the ferns are incompletely grown in light containers.
Immerse the fern directly in a pot filled with water, wait 15-20 minutes, then turn into a flower pot and remove the plant with a soil hoe.
Important! If the fern retains a healthy appearance, the root system does not even contain rotten or dry areas, the plant can be planted in a new place. In the presence of rotten or dried roots, they should be cut off, treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, and sprinkled with charcoal. Then start the planting process.
Place a layer of sewage (small pebbles, brick chips, etc.) under the pot. The tank is filled in the middle with finished soil. The plant should be planted carefully, gently sprinkling with soil, leaving the root neck free. It is very important to give generous water after planting. The next irrigation cannot be done without waiting for the soil to dry from the top.
Ferns unfairly come with the reputation that they are difficult and problematic to grow. In fact, after some time of adaptation, it is one of the most unprecedented trees most species forest, they prefer a shady and humid warm environment. The ideal place in the apartment is east or west window, bright kitchen. If the window faces south, the plant should be shaded in spring and summer afternoons.
Watering and feeding:
An important part of fern care is regular leaf spraying and frequent watering. The plant is sensitive to substrate drying but at the same time it does not like waterlogged soil.
During the growth period, irrigation should be given every 2-3 days with soft water at room temperature. Tap water is very hard, it contains a lot of calcium carbonate. Ideal irrigation liquid rain water.
From March to August, ferns need to be fed regularly, but not more than once a month. It is better to use specialized fertilizers for ferns with less nutrient density than universal ones.
Important! In winter, a period of rest for the plants begins, watering should be limited (but not less than once per week) and dressing on top should be stopped.
Temperature and humidity:
The optimum temperature for growing mulberry is 18-21, C, in winter vacation it should be slightly lower at 15-18 C. At home, to care for indoor ferns need to create high humidity – more than 60%. It should not be placed near radiators or other sources of heat. The tree likes to spray regularly. A good effect is given by the humidity of the air around it. For example, the installation of ceramic dishes with water.
Important! Species of Fern Platyceum alicicorn (deer horn) do not tolerate deleted leaves. They have a layer of hair that helps fight dry air. To remove dust from the leaves, they are simply sprayed with water.
Even experienced florists avoid sowing ferns by sowing seeds. Although it is interesting to observe the individual stages of development of young plants, they impose increased requirements on the environment and require a longer growing time.
In addition to spores, ferns can multiply in three ways that are more acceptable to gardeners:
Department. The method is suitable for all species with broad branched rhizomes. The rhizome is divided into several parts, including only a few heads (attachment points for leaves). Areas with at least two shoots are separated. The results then sit in separate containers.
Fern promotion by category:
There are tree shoots in the shape of arrows. They bend to the ground in adjacent containers and therefore remain stationary. After a while, the process takes root and the time comes to separate from the old person; Side kidney. Brood buds are separated when roots are formed on them. Young sprouts are transplanted in greenhouse conditions with high humidity and at least 23 সেন C. They can be grown in plastic containers. After the appearance of new leaves, the sprouts are replaced in separate containers.
Important! The species is suitable for breeding by the lateral buds of Adiantum, Pelia and Paris.
Why the leaves turn yellow after drying.
Often, plants suffer from physiological diseases, which result from inadequate care of domestic ferns. What should I look for?
In particular, when the tips of the leaves begin to turn yellow, it should be annoying, the rest of the leaves acquire a faint color. The reason may be due to excessive watering, root rot or low humidity.
In the case of such anxious symptoms, the diseased leaf is removed very early. After pruning, you need to remove the mistakes you made, let the plant recover and continue to take proper care.
Benefits of Dried Leaf Fern:
Ferns can also die from pests or diseases, but they cannot play a major role in the life of these plants. Ferns can be infected by fungi if they are exposed to low temperatures and high humidity for long periods of time. In this case, round or oval gray-brown spots appear on the leaves, sometimes surrounded by a border. Leaves infected with the fungus should be removed and destroyed, then the plant should be sprayed with fungicide.
Among insects, itching is considered the most common, they eat it at the bottom of the leaf, sucking the sap from it. The leaves are covered with yellow spots, then turn completely yellow and die. Damaged leaflets must be cut, the whole plant is treated with pesticides.
Another reason for fern drying is the scarce water. In this case, it can be recovered by immersing the pot in a large container filled with water, and leave it there for 15-20 minutes. Repeat the process for several days.
The fern and its species are popular as houseplants due to their general care and great decorative potential. Although there are no flowers, they grow very quickly, and gardeners ’openings can do the wrong damage.